Wednesday, November 30, 2016

SENATE APPOINTMENT Mandate and members -

Mandate and members -

Mandate and members

The Independent Advisory Board for Senate Appointments is an independent and non-partisan body. It provides non-binding merit-based recommendations to the Prime Minister on Senate nominations. It was established on January 19, 2016 and consists of three permanent federal members and two members from each of the provinces or territories where a vacancy is to be filled‍. The Independent Advisory Board for Senate Appointments is chaired by one of the federal members and supported by the Privy Council Office.
Terms of Reference for the Independent Advisory Board for Senate Appointments
British Columbia
New Brunswick
Nova Scotia
Prince Edward Island

Huguette Labelle

Huguette Labelle holds a PhD (education) degree from the University of Ottawa, has honorary degrees from twelve Canadian universities, and from the University of Notre Dame, United States. She is a Companion of the Order of Canada. In addition, she is a recipient of the Order of Ontario, the Vanier Medal of the Institute of Public Administration of Canada, the Outstanding Achievement Award of the Public Service of Canada, the McGill University Management Achievement Award and the Francophonie’s Ordre de la Pléiade.
Ms. Labelle is Emeritus Governor of the University of Ottawa, and was Chancellor of the University of Ottawa from 1994 to 2012. She is currently Chair of the Corporate Reporting Dialogue, Vice-Chair of the Rideau Hall Foundation Board, Vice-Chair of the International Senior Advisory Board of the International Anti-Corruption Academy, member of the Advisory Group to the Asian Development Bank on Climate Change and Sustainable Development, member of the Executive Board of the Africa Capacity Building Foundation, member of the Board of the Global Centre for Pluralism, Board member of Global Financial Integrity, Board member of the Aga Khan Museum, member of the Advisory Committee of the Order of Ontario and Chair of the Selection Committee for Master's Scholarships on Sustainable Energy Development. Ms. Labelle is also a member of the Advisory Group to the Secretary General of the Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD) on Integrity and Anti-Corruption, the University of Ottawa President’s International Advisory Board, and the University of Ottawa Campaign Cabinet. She is also a former Chair of Transparency International, as well as a former Board member of UN Global Compact.
Ms. Labelle also served for a period of nineteen years as Deputy Minister of different Canadian Government departments including Secretary of State, Transport Canada, the Public Service Commission and the Canadian International Development Agency.

Daniel Jutras

Daniel Jutras joined the Faculty of Law, McGill University in 1985 after clerking with Chief Justice Antonio Lamer at the Supreme Court of Canada. He was the Dean of the Faculty of Law  from 2009 to 2016. Professor Jutras became as Associate Professor in 1991, and was promoted to the rank of Full Professor in 2001. Since 2011, he has held the Arnold Wainwright Chair in Civil Law. He was awarded one of the Mérites du Barreau du Québec in 2016. He is a former Director of the Institute of Comparative Law and has served as Associate Dean (Admissions and Placement), and Associate Dean (Academic) in the Faculty of Law.
From 2002 to 2004, Professor Jutras was on leave from the Faculty of Law, and acted as personal secretary to the Chief Justice of Canada, the Right Honourable Beverley McLachlin, in the position of Executive Legal Officer of the Supreme Court of Canada.
Professor Jutras' teaching and research interests are in civil law and comparative law, and he now conducts research in the law of obligations from a comparative and pluralist perspective. He is also pursuing research projects on judicial institutions and civil procedure. Professor Jutras is frequently invited to speak on these issues before judicial and academic audiences in Canada and in Europe.
Professor Jutras is a graduate of Harvard Law School, and of Université de Montréal, where he received the Governor General’s Gold Medal. In 2013, Professor Jutras was appointed by the Supreme Court of Canada to serve as amicus curiæ in the Reference re Senate Reform. The same year, he was awarded a Queen Elizabeth II Diamond Jubilee Medal. In 2014, the Barreau du Québec awarded Dean Jutras the Advocatus Emeritus (Ad. E.) distinction.

Indira Samarasekera

Indira Samarasekera served as the 12th President and Vice-Chancellor of the University of Alberta, from 2005 to 2015. She also served as Vice-President Research at the University of British Columbia from 2000 to 2005. She is currently a Senior Advisor for Bennet Jones LLP and serves on the Board of Directors of the Bank of Nova Scotia, and Magna International. She serves on the boards of the Asia-Pacific Foundation, the Rideau Hall Foundation, the Perimeter Institute of Theoretical Physics and the selection panel for Canada’s Outstanding CEO of the Year. She is also a Distinguished Fellow in Residence at the Liu Institute for Global Issues at the University of British Columbia.
Dr. Samarasekera is internationally recognized as one of Canada’s leading metallurgical engineers for her groundbreaking work on process engineering of materials, especially steel processing. She held the Dofasco Chair in Advanced Steel Processing at the University of British Columbia. She has consulted widely for industry worldwide leading to the implementation of her research discoveries.
Dr. Samarasekera has also devoted her career to advancing innovation in higher education and the private sector, providing national and international leadership through invited lectures and participation on national and international boards and councils.
She was awarded the Order of Canada in 2002 for outstanding contributions to steel process engineering. In 2014, she was elected to the National Academy of Engineering in the United States, the profession’s highest honour. As a Hays Fulbright Scholar, she earned an MSc from the University of California in 1976. In 1980, she was granted a PhD in metallurgical engineering from the University of British Columbia.

Anne Giardini

Anne Giardini, Q.C., is the 11th Chancellor of Simon Fraser University (SFU). She served on SFU's Board of Governors for five years before being appointed Chancellor in 2014. A director, lawyer and writer, Ms. Giardini was president of Weyerhaeuser Company Limited from 2008 to 2014 after serving as Weyerhaeuser's General Counsel. A long-time leader within Canada’s resource industry, she has served on many related boards including B.C.’s Council of Forest Industries, the Alberta Forest Products Association, the Forest Products Association of Canada, and Sustainable Forestry Initiative, Inc.
She holds a BA in Economics from SFU, LL.B. from UBC, and LL.M. from Cambridge University (Trinity Hall). She is the author of two novels and the editor of a collection of writing advice.
Ms. Giardini is currently a member of the board of WWF-Canada, Senior Vice Chair of the Greater Vancouver Board of Trade, board member of Thompson Creek Metals and an honorary patron of the Seaforth Highlanders of Canada.
In 2011, Ms. Giardini received the Robert V.A. Jones Award recognizing leadership in corporate counsel practice, and was named one of Canada’s 25 most influential lawyers. She was honoured with a Queen Elizabeth II Diamond Jubilee Medal and a Lexpert Zenith Award in 2013. In 2015, she received the Western Canada General Counsel Lifetime Achievement Award.

Vikram Vij

Vikram Vij is a chef, entrepreneur, author and television personality. He was born in India and lived there until age 20, when he moved to Austria. Mr. Vij came to Canada in 1989 to work at the Banff Springs Hotel in Alberta.
Today, he owns three award-winning restaurants: Vij’s Restaurant, Vij’s Rangoli and My Shanti. He produces a line of gourmet take-home meals – Vij’s At Home – out of his Surrey-based factory, that is available across the country, and his creative Indian cuisine is also sold as take-out. Mr. Vij strives to create new, innovative dishes and has been recognized for his creativity. He has received the BC Food Processors Association Rising Star Award, an Ernst and Young Entrepreneur of the Year award, Drishti Magazine’s Innovation in Gastronomy Award, and a Chevrolet Ingenuity Award for exceptional creativity and skill. Vancouver Magazine named him Chef of the Year in 2015.
Mr. Vij has appeared on Top Chef Canada for 3 seasons, Chopped Canada, Recipe to Riches, and in 2014, debuted as the first Indo-Canadian Dragon on the CBC’s Dragons’ Den. He is also a certified sommelier and recipient of an honorary Doctorate of Law from Simon Fraser University and an honorary Doctorate from the University of British Columbia. Mr. Vij is passionate about sustainability and is involved in several organizations that promote sustainable eating habits, including the Chef’s Table Society of BC, Farm Folk City Folk, Ocean Wise Sustainable Seafood, UBC Farm and the Green Table Society. He is also an active contributor supporting the David Suzuki Foundation’s environmental initiatives.
Mr. Vij is the co-author of Vij’s: Elegant & Inspired Indian Cuisine and Vij’s At Home: Relax, Honey. He is also featured in Goodness: Recipes & Stories, and The Butcher, The Baker, The Wine and Cheese Maker by the Sea, which is a tribute to innovators and culinary leaders.

Heather Bishop

Heather Bishop is an accomplished musician/singer-songwriter with 14 albums to her credit, along with numerous music industry awards.  She is also a keynote speaker, social activist, visual artist, independent recording artist, educator, and entrepreneur who has been running her own music recording company for 40 years.  She holds a Bachelor of Arts degree with a Fine Arts major from the University of Regina.
Ms. Bishop has served as Chair of the Advisory Council to the Order of Manitoba; Chair of the Manitoba Film Classification Board; Finance Chair and Director of the Manitoba Film & Sound Recording Development Corporation; and Board Chair, Finance Chair and Director of Manitoba Music, a community based non-profit industry association to promote and foster growth in the Manitoba sound recording industry. She has also dedicated her time to innumerable benefits and fundraisers in the community, as well as serving with the Manitoba Cultural Society of the Deaf.
Among her many honours, Ms. Bishop was awarded the Order of Canada in 2005, the Order of Manitoba in 2001, an Honourary Doctorate of Laws in 2011, a Queen Elizabeth II Diamond Jubilee Medal in 2012, the Western Canadian Music Industry Builder Award in 2006, and the YM/YWCA Woman of Distinction Award in 1997.
In 2011 Ms. Bishop released her first book, an edition of her artwork entitled “My Face is a Map of My Time Here”. Her vision is of a socially just, environmentally sound, and spiritually fulfilling world for all.

Susan Lewis

Susan Lewis worked for over 40 years in various roles with the United Way of Winnipeg, including as President and CEO from 1985 to 2014. She received United Way Centraide Canada’s Excellence Award, United Way’s highest honour.
Over the years, she has served on the boards and committees of a variety of charities and organizations, including: the Winnipeg Poverty Reduction Council, End Homelessness Winnipeg, the St-Boniface Hospital board, University of Manitoba Distinguished Alumni Selection Panel and the Senate Committee on Honorary Degrees.
Nationally she was a board member and Vice Chair of Imagine Canada from 2008–2012 and continues to sit on the Advisory Council.
Ms. Lewis is a member of the Order of Manitoba and Order of Canada, and a recipient of the Red Cross Humanitarian of the Year Award and the Manitoba Museum Tribute Honouree and the University of Manitoba Distinguished Alumni Award.

Donald Savoie

Dr. Donald J. Savoie is a leading Canadian expert on public policy, public administration and federalism. Born in New Brunswick, Dr. Savoie is a proud Acadian who has served as an advisor to several federal, provincial and territorial government departments and agencies, private-sector entities, independent associations, the Organization for Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD), the World Bank, and the United Nations. He currently holds the Canada Research Chair in Public Administration and Governance at the Université de Moncton. He previously held senior positions with the federal government, including Assistant Secretary of the Treasury Board and Deputy Principal of the Canadian Centre for Management Development. Dr. Savoie has also served as a member on several boards of directors for both private and public sector organizations.
A recipient of the Order of Canada and the Order of New Brunswick, Dr. Savoie is also an elected Fellow of the Royal Society of Canada. He has received several awards and prizes for his work internationally, notably the Vanier Gold Medal (1999), the Trudeau Fellowships Prize (2004), the Sun Life Public Service Citation Award (2004), the prestigious 2015 Killam Prize in recognition of his exceptional career achievements in social sciences, and the 2016 Donner Prize for best Canadian book on public policy.
He obtained a D.Phil. in 1979 and a D.Litt. in 2000 from Oxford University and has been awarded seven honorary doctorates by Canadian universities. Dr. Savoie was elected a Visiting Fellow at All Souls College, Oxford in 2006 and named Visiting Professor at the London School of Economics in 2007. He was also a Senior Fulbright Scholar at Harvard University in 2001-2002.
A prolific author, Dr. Savoie has published forty-five books and has written another 200 articles in leading journals of political science, public administration and public policy and in some of the world’s leading newspapers in Canada, the United Kingdom, India and the United States. Averse to cynicism in politics, his extensive knowledge and his experience of great institutions have convinced him of the real possibility that they can be instrumental in furthering the welfare of individuals.

Roxanne Tarjan

Roxanne Tarjan received a Bachelor of Nursing degree from the University of New Brunswick in 1977. Her career in nursing began in Campbellton, NB, and continued over the next two decades in a variety of positions including: Staff Nurse, Nurse Manager, Assistant Director of Nursing, and Director of Nursing in Bathurst, NB.
Ms. Tarjan joined the Nurses Association of New Brunswick, the professional regulatory organization for registered nurses in that province, in 1998 as a Nursing Practice Consultant, a position she held until being named its Executive Director in 2001. She retired in 2015 after 14 years as Executive Director.
She previously served on the Board of Directors of the Canadian Nurses Protective Society and the Canadian Council of Registered Nurse Regulators, as well as an Advisor to the Board of Directors of the Canadian Nurses Association and a member of the NB2026 Roundtable.
Currently, Ms. Tarjan is a Director with Dialogue NB, an organization that promotes and celebrates understanding, respect, appreciation, and inclusion among the Francophone and Anglophone cultures of New Brunswick. She is also actively involved in the New Brunswick Association for Community Living as a member of its Board of Directors.

Jennifer Gillivan

Jennifer Gillivan is President and CEO of the IWK Health Centre Foundation, which raises funds to help the IWK Health Centre provide critical and specialized care to women, children, youth and families throughout the Maritime Provinces.
Ms. Gillivan has an extensive background in philanthropy, partnerships, strategy, marketing and leadership. Born and educated in Dublin, Ireland, she immigrated to Canada in 1982. Prior to joining the IWK Foundation, Ms. Gillivan worked with the Canadian Broadcasting Corporation for 14 years, most recently as Director of Partnerships, Communications, Marketing and Brand for the CBC across Canada. She is an active member of her community, serving on the boards of The Halifax Partnership, the Canadian Children’s Pediatric Hospital Foundations, Children’s Miracle Network CDO Advisory Board and The Sobey School of Business Advisory Board. She is also a past board member of the Nova Scotia Community College Foundation, Churchill Academy, Symphony Nova Scotia, and the Atlantic Film Festival, to name a few.
Ms. Gillivan has received two CBC English Television Awards for her pioneer work with the partnership practice, and has also received the Halifax Ambassador Award and a Progress Halifax Women of Excellence Award. She was listed as one of the top 50 CEO’s of Atlantic Canada for 2014 & 2015. Ms. Gillivan was awarded the RBC Women of Excellence Entrepreneur Award and the BMO Women’s Leadership Award. Ms. Gillivan is an active member of the Rotman School of Business “Judy Project” Advisory Board and enjoys motivational speaking. She also completed the Ivey School of Business KPMG Community Shift program.

Ramona Lumpkin

Dr. Ramona Lumpkin has been the President and Vice-Chancellor of Mount Saint Vincent University since 2010. She holds a PhD in English Literature from the University of Kentucky and is a former Fulbright Scholar to England. She has held important academic and administrative leadership positions at several universities in Canada and the United States, including Principal of Huron University College and Vice-President Academic and Provost of Royal Roads University in Victoria. In July 2014, she was appointed as a member of the Order of Canada in recognition of her leadership in post-secondary education and her promotion of community-based learning initiatives.
Throughout her career, Dr. Lumpkin has been actively engaged in women’s studies, in advocacy on behalf of women’s issues and in promoting the role of women in higher education. At the University of Kentucky, she served on the founding committee of the annual Women Writers Conference. At Wayne State University, Dr. Lumpkin belonged to the President’s Commission on the Status of Women. In her role at Mount Saint Vincent University, Dr. Lumpkin coordinated the development of the Mount’s new five-year strategic plan, Mount 2017: Making a Difference, and the execution of the university’s most ambitious capital campaign to date, Project TWENTY12, which funded the construction of the Margaret Norrie McCain Centre for Teaching, Learning and Research, a building that celebrates the role women have played in shaping our society.
As past Chair of the Association of Atlantic Universities, Dr. Lumpkin has made significant contributions to the Atlantic region and has become a valued contributor to many organizations and initiatives shaping the future of Nova Scotia. She is currently Chair of Engage Nova Scotia.

Dawn Lavell Harvard

Dr. Dawn Lavell Harvard, PhD, was elected President of the Native Women’s Association of Canada at its 41st Annual General Assembly, held in July 2015 in Montreal, Quebec. She had been Interim President of the Native Women’s Association of Canada since February 2015 and was Vice-President for almost three years.
She is a proud member of the Wikwemikong First Nation, the first Aboriginal Trudeau Scholar, and has worked to advance the rights of Aboriginal women as the President of the Ontario Native Women's Association for 11 years.
Dr. Lavell Harvard is a full-time mother of three girls. She has followed in the footsteps of her mother Jeannette Corbiere Lavell, a noted advocate for Indigenous women’s rights. Since joining the Board of the Ontario Native Women’s Association as a youth director in 1994, Dr. Lavell Harvard has been working toward the empowerment of Aboriginal women and their families.
She was co-editor of the original volume on Indigenous Mothering entitled “Until Our Hearts Are on the Ground: Aboriginal Mothering, Oppression, Resistance and Rebirth” and has also recently released a new book, along with Kim Anderson, entitled “Mothers of the Nations.”

Murray Segal

Following a distinguished career with the Ontario government, including eight years as Deputy Attorney General of Ontario and former Deputy Minister Responsible for Aboriginal Affairs, Murray Segal now practices as independent legal counsel and consultant in Toronto. He is also counsel to Henein Hutchinson LLP. His practice includes assisting the public and broader public service in improving the delivery of services.
Mr. Segal was the chief legal advisor to the Government of Ontario and advisor to Cabinet, the Attorney General, other Ministers, and Deputy Ministers. He oversaw all government litigation and is experienced in developing legislation.
Prior to his time as the Deputy Attorney General, Mr. Segal was the Chief Prosecutor for the Province of Ontario, leading the largest prosecution service in Canada.
Mr. Segal is certified as a Criminal Law Specialist by the Law Society of Upper Canada and is the author of numerous legal publications including in the areas of the Canadian Charter of Rights and Freedoms, disclosure, and procedure. He is also a frequent participant in continuing education programs.
Mr. Segal is co-chair of Ontario’s Aboriginal Justice Advisory Committee, and he is also on the Board of Directors of the Canadian Mental Health Association of Toronto and on the Board of Trustees of the Centre for Addiction and Mental Health. In 2013, he was appointed as a member of the Ontario Review Board. In October, 2015 Mr. Segal released a Report to the Province of Nova Scotia on the justice system’s handling of the Rehtaeh Parsons matter.

Jeannette Arsenault

Jeannette Arsenault is co-owner of Cavendish Figurines Ltd., in Prince Edward Island. The company started in 1989 in the Summerside Business Park and in 1998 they re-located to Gateway Village and built their own building. They employ 18 people in the busy tourist season. Prior to starting this business Ms. Arsenault worked with Statistics Canada for 15 years.
Cavendish Figurines has won many awards over the years, and in 2003 Ms. Arsenault was chosen as “one of the 100 most Powerful Women in Canada” by the Women’s Executive Network. In 2002 she received the “Summerside Good Neighbour Award”.
Ms. Arsenault serves on many committees including the Entrepreneurs’ Forum, both on the local and the Atlantic Committee, University of Prince Edward Island and the RDÉE Prince Edward Island Inc., to name a few. She was also the President of the Summerside Chamber of Commerce in 2001.
Born in Prince Edward Island, Ms. Arsenault grew up in Abram Village. She is bilingual English/French, married, has had two children and now has two grand-daughters.

Brian Francis

Chief Brian Francis was first elected Chief of the Abegweit First Nation in August 2007. He was re-elected in 2011 and 2015.
Chief Francis was born in Lennox Island, Prince Edward Island. After receiving his early education in Lennox Island and Summerside, he completed four years of apprenticeship training and became a journeyman carpenter. He was the first Aboriginal person in PEI to receive his inter-provincial red seal trade certificate. He also studied at the Maritime School of Social Work.
As Education Coordinator with the Abegweit First Nation, he provided advice and guidance to Aboriginal students before joining the federal public service. He worked in several departments, including the Department of Veterans Affairs, Human Resources Development Canada and the Department of Fisheries and Oceans, prior to his election as Chief and Band Administrator for Abegweit First Nation.
Among his proudest accomplishments is the signing of the Canada-PEI-Mi’kmaq Partnership Agreement.
Chief Francis and his wife Georgina have three children, Kateri, Shawn and John Ryan. The couple resides in Rocky Point, Prince Edward Island.

Sylvie Bernier

A native of Sainte-Foy, Quebec, Sylvie Bernier won gold in 3-metre springboard diving at the 1984 Olympic Games in Los Angeles. It was Canada’s first—and to date the only—gold medal in that event. She is also the first Canadian diver ever to be inducted into the International Swimming Hall of Fame.
Following her athletic career, Ms. Bernier obtained a Bachelor’s degree in Business Administration and a Master’s in International Health Management. She has been working in radio and television for over 30 years.
She served as Canada’s Assistant Chef de Mission at the 2006 Olympic Games in Turin and 2012 in London. She also served as Chef de Mission at the Beijing 2008 Olympics Games.
A recipient of the Order of Quebec and the Order of Canada, Ms. Bernier has collaborated with numerous companies, including Investors Group, for many years. She works with Québec en forme as a Healthy Lifestyle Ambassador, as well as chairing two Quebec organizations promoting physically active lifestyles and healthy diets (i.e., the Table de concertation intersectorielle permanente spécifique au mode de vie physiquement actif and the Table québécoise sur la saine alimentation).
Ms. Bernier is the mother of three young adults and dreams that, someday, “eating better and moving more” will become the norm in our society.

Yves Lamontagne

President and CEO of the Collège des médecins du Québec from 1998 to October 2010, Dr. Yves Lamontagne first worked as a professor in the Faculty of Medicine at the University of Montreal and as President of the Association des médecins psychiatres du Québec. He is the founder of the Fernand-Seguin Research Centre of the Louis-H. Lafontaine Hospital and founding Chair of the Mental Illness Foundation.
After completing his medical studies, he worked in Africa overseeing the Biafran children’s camps during that tragic war. Following that, he embarked on his psychiatric studies, which he completed at the Institute of Psychiatry in London.
The author of over 200 articles in Canadian, American and European medical journals, Dr. Lamontagne has also published 37 books and contributed 30 chapters to various collections. Over the years, he has had a career simultaneously combining research, teaching, communications and administration.
His work has earned him numerous awards and decorations both within Canada and in the United States, and he is a recipient of both the Order of Canada and the Order of Quebec. He was named Great Montrealer for 2003 in the social sector. Currently, Dr. Lamontagne is called upon as a consultant by various organizations and as a speaker within the health sector and for the general public.

Government appointments -

Government appointments -

BILL C-22 An Act to establish the National Security and Intelligence Committee of Parliamentarians

   Oversight committee without access to information ..What about CSE..??
Also See my previous blog post here :

BILL C-22  An Act to establish the National Security and Intelligence Committee of Parliamentarians

Oversight without access to information

Oversight without access to information

November 29 2016

Do you need a mechanism to rein in the watchers watching the watchers?

Bill C-22, currently making its way through Parliament, seems to put a few too many constraints on a proposed Parliamentary committee that would provide oversight of all national security activity, suggests a CBA submission.

In its 2015 submission on the previous government’s Bill C-51, the CBA recommended the creation of a Parliamentary committee “with access to secret information.” But it will not recommend passage of Bill C-22 without important amendments first being made.

Bill C-22 contains a number of mechanisms that would actually prevent the committee from carrying out its mandate – by limiting its access to the information it needs, for example, or calling its independence into question. Essentially, the submission suggests, these proscriptions imply a lack of trust in the MPs and Senators who would sit on the committee.

 “Without trust in the members to act responsibly in the national interest, there is little point in forming a Committee,” the submission says. “If there is trust in the members of the Committee, there is no need for unnecessary restrictions that undermine its work and role...”

The CBA’s greatest concern lies with section 16, which would allow Ministers and departments to refuse to provide information on vague national security grounds – an exemption that seems “unnecessary and illogical” because the MPs and Senators that a Minister might prevent from seeing any particular information “have the same lawful authority to see that information as the Minister him or herself.”

The Association’s concerns with this section are severe enough that it would oppose passage of the bill if it is not removed, the submission says.

“Put simply, section 16 would gut the proposed law and preclude the Parliamentary Committee from achieving its objective. It would create a broad and largely standardless ‘out clause’ for Ministers to exempt themselves from the Committee’s disclosure regime.”

The submission underlines the point that one of the primary reasons for establishing a Parliamentary oversight committee is to reassure Canadians that their government is operating in a transparent and accountable manner.

“While Canadians cannot know the information their government decides must be kept secret, their elected representatives, properly trained and security-vetted, should be able to know it on their behalf.”

Other important if less pressing concerns with the proposed legislation include:
  • Lack of a definition for “national security”

  • Ministers would have control over what the Committee studies. “Any group tasked with the review or supervision of Canada’s national security apparatus should be viewed as independent of Government.”
  • The legislation doesn’t clearly set out the purpose of the Committee
  • The potential for politicization in the proposed composition of the Committee
  • The lack of recourse for the Committee if Ministers decline to share information
  • The Prime Minister or Governor in Council would name the committee chair, “a further unnecessary encroachment” on its work
  • The required security clearance of members would be in the hands of the agencies that it would have under review, which gives those agencies power to block an appointment that might be problematic for them
  • To be effective, the Committee must have the power to compel witnesses and order the production of documents
  • The Committee should be required to make annual public reports
  • The Governor in Council should not be able to make regulations significantly affecting the Committee. “The executive branch that is under review by the Committee should not be able to curtail the Committee’s work without going to Parliament.”

Tuesday, November 29, 2016

Inquiries Act and Office of the Communications Security Establishment Commissioner

Bloggers note: see also: Bill C-51  41stParliament and Bill C-22 42nd Parliament  


and Notes for remarks to the House of Commons Standing Committee on Public Safety and National Security, 2016,%202016

Commissioner's Plouffe's letter to the Honourable David J. McGuinty, MP, 2016

April 5, 2016
The Honourable David J. McGuinty, MP
House of Commons
Ottawa, ON  K1A 0A6

Dear Mr. McGuinty:

I am writing to you in your leadership role, assigned by the Prime Minister, in the proposed statutory committee of Parliamentarians that will be responsible for reviewing security-related issues and helping to strengthen national security oversight.

In my most recent public annual report, I wrote about ensuring adequate controls over the security and intelligence agencies, including adequate protection for the privacy of Canadians. 

I would like to provide you with observations and comments based on my experience as Commissioner for the review of the Communications Security Establishment (CSE). I would add that, in addition to evaluating this impartially, consistent with my lengthy judicial career, I have no particular stake in this given the defined duration of my appointment.

As you are aware, the Canadian model for assisting responsible ministers in their accountability to Parliament for the security and intelligence agencies grew out of the scandals of the Royal Canadian Mounted Police (RCMP) Security Service in the 1970s. 

That situation resulted in legislation that established the civilian Canadian Security Intelligence Service (CSIS), with judicial and ministerial controls, as well as with detailed provisions for review and the adjudication of complaints by the Security Intelligence Review Committee (SIRC).

Subsequently, this model was the basis for establishing the Office of the CSE Commissioner, by Order-in-Council in 1996, under the Inquiries Act.

I have come to appreciate the effectiveness of this model of expert review, which entails:
being independent and arms-length from government; unfettered access, with power to compel witnesses to appear; having in-depth knowledge of the intelligence agency, accumulated over years of experience; having the expertise to understand the operationally sensitive and often technically and legally complex nature of the activities; having rigorous methodology in the review process; having sufficient analytical and research skills to enable effective, extensive and tough but fair review of the security or intelligence agency; and communications skills to inform parliamentarians and the public while protecting national security secrets and international partnerships.

I have stated that greater engagement of parliamentarians is welcome. In particular, following the disclosures by Edward Snowden of stolen classified information from the U.S. National Security Agency and its partners, including CSE, the public trust in the intelligence agencies and the review of them was put into question.

Prior to the Snowden disclosures, my predecessors were rarely called before parliamentary committees. I believe that a security-cleared parliamentary committee along with expert review bodies would provide a strong complementary and comprehensive framework for accountability of security and intelligence activities, and could also enhance public trust.

 However, for maximum effectiveness, the respective roles must be well-defined, to avoid duplication of effort and wasting resources.

Regardless of what form any re-structuring of review bodies may take, it will be important to maintain a capacity for expert review of different agencies and departments.

 As well, I have come to appreciate, from discussions with my colleagues at SIRC, the Civilian Review and Complaints Commission (CRCC) for the RCMP and with international colleagues, the uniqueness of the foreign signals intelligence and cyber-defence functions that CSE performs, compared to other security and intelligence activities based more on human intelligence collection or law enforcement. 

Justice O'Connor, in the 2006 report of his Royal Commission into the Arar affair, tacitly acknowledged this when he recommended independent review of the national security activities of (as they were named at the time) Citizenship and Immigration, Transport, FINTRAC, and Foreign Affairs and International Trade, which would come under the review of SIRC, while the Canada Border Services Agency would be subject to review by a newly mandated Commission for Public Complaints Against the RCMP that would also review national security activities of the RCMP. As for the CSE Commissioner's office, Justice O'Connor noted that it “functions very well and I see no reason to interfere with that operation.”

 He did recommend, however, that “statutory gateways” be established to allow for joint investigations by, and exchange of information between, review bodies.

On the last point above, I would like to add a brief word about cooperation between review bodies. As my predecessor and I have stated, there is much that can be, and is being, done now, under existing law. 

My immediate predecessor and I have forwarded six letters to SIRC over the past several years, referring questions and issues that have arisen in reviews I have conducted of CSE activities that have involved CSIS. 

Earlier this year, my officials briefed SIRC about the conclusions of a review of a joint CSE-CSIS activity that SIRC was beginning to review. Notwithstanding these initiatives, I believe the law should explicitly authorize review bodies to conduct joint reviews and to require the security and intelligence agencies to cooperate.

I must also note that CSE Commissioners have for well over a decade recommended amendments to the National Defence Act, to remove ambiguities in the legislation and, most recently, I recommended an amendment to provide explicit authority for CSE to collect, use, retain and disclose metadata. These amendments will help clarify the legislation and strengthen the accountability of CSE.

I have copied this letter to my colleagues at SIRC and the CRCC and to your colleagues the Minister of National Defence, the Minister of Public Safety and the Government House Leader, the latter two whose mandate letters include lead roles in the creation of a statutory committee of Parliamentarians to review national security activities.

If you have any questions, or would like to discuss any of these or related points, I would be pleased to meet with you and any others engaged in this issue.

Jean-Pierre Plouffe

The Honourable Harjit S. Sajjan, PC, OMM, MSM, CD, MP, Minister of National Defence
The Honourable Ralph Goodale, PC, MP, Minister of Public Safety
The Honourable Dominic LeBlanc, PC, MP, Leader of the Government in the House of Commons
The Honourable Pierre Blais, PC, Chair of the Security Intelligence Review Committee
Mr. Ian McPhail, QC, Chair of the Civilian Review and Complaints Commission for the RCMP
Date modified:

Sunday, November 27, 2016

Why is Justin Trudeau coddling the Castros?

Why is Justin Trudeau coddling the Castros?

Clifford Orwin is a professor of political science and senior fellow of Massey College at the University of Toronto.
​There was only one (and a novel) respect in which Prime Minister Justin Trudeau's ill-conceived eulogy of Fidel Castro enhanced Canada's status in the world. It inspired responses by other Canadians on social media that did full justice to its absurdity. You can find them at #trudeaueulogies. They all begin, "while a controversial figure," and proceed to rehabilitate the monster in question.
​Contrary to the implication of the funsters, Fidel Castro wasn't a Pol Pot or even an Admiral Tojo. Instead he was, as Mr. Trudeau noted admiringly, Cuba's "longest serving President," a distinction facilitated by his never having held a free election. (So if his people did feel, as Mr. Trudeau claimed, "a deep and lasting affection for [Castro]," he was evidently too modest to presume on it.)
And, yes, "he served the Cuban people for almost half a century," if his imposition of Communist political repression and a stifling Communist economy qualifies as serving them. As for his "tremendous dedication and love for the Cuban people," well, the personal fortune of $900-million (U.S.) that Forbes has ascribed to him is indeed much smaller than Russian President Vladimir Putin's.
That the Castro regime was politically repressive requires no elaboration: for details just peruse Amnesty International's reports on the country. Economically Cuba functioned as well as other command economies (now mercifully extinct everywere else but North Korea). Having freed his country from the ambit of "American imperialism" Fidel Castro became a loyal client of the Soviet variety, sending Cuban boys to die in Russia's African wars.
Having confiscated U.S. property, thereby incurring an economic boycott, he depended on Soviet subsidies to sustain an inefficient sugar industry from which Cuba never successfully diversified. Of her neighbours almost all are wealthier than Cuba both absolutely and relatively than they were in 1959. Ten years ago some Old Leftist neighbours of ours took their children there so they could vacation in a socialist society. They were distressed to notice that the local economy ran entirely on U.S. dollars, and that the only obvious occupation besides tourism was prostitution..
Yes, Mr. Trudeau acknowledged that Fidel Castro was a "controversial figure." Not surprisingly, he credited his "significant contributions to the health care and education of his island nation." These were the bright spots of the Castro regime. But why go on to flatter the 85-year-old Raul Castro (whom it was "a real honour to meet ... during my recent visit to Cuba") and his gerontocracy of apparatchiks?
Why issue a statement implying Canada's indifference alike to basic political and religious freedoms and to basic economic ones? One that included not a word of encouragement for the transition to a democratic Cuba? Why be any more fulsome than Barack Obama and John Kerry, authors of America's ongoing rapprochement with Cuba, whose statements, if they refrained from blaming Fidel Castro, pointedly refrained from praising him?
Some Canadians have recently expressed the hope that Canada might assume a larger place in the world. With America in retreat from its global commitments, first under Mr. Obama and soon under Donald Trump, they look to Canada as a beacon of international engagement. If that is our goal, this wasn't the way to go about it. When Mr. Trump is rightly taxed for his coziness with Mr. Putin, should Mr. Trudeau follow suit by coddling the Castros?
Whatever new world is aborning out there, whatever its problems and perils, whatever old or new forms of injustice it may harbour, it won't belong to the Castros. Not anywhere else, and not in Cuba either. Communism approaches its death throes on the island; the U.S. made its deal with the devil of the moribund regime in the hope of hurrying it along. Mr. Trudeau's statement makes it sound as if such an outcome would surprise him: Fidel is dead, long live Raul. His subsequent defence, that he has always championed human rights and did so privately when he visited Cuba, merely sharpens the question of why he missed the opportunity to raise them now.
Story continues below advertisement
After Mr. Trudeau fires his speechwriter, he should take a long look at himself. Yes, he is a Trudeau, whose father consistently whitewashed not only Fidel Castro but (much worse) Mao. Justin Trudeau just missed his chance to jump this particular family ship. Allegiance to the best in one's heritage is admirable; remaining mired in the worst is not.


Tuesday, November 22, 2016

Prime Minister Justin Trudeau and President-elect Donald Trump

What Trudeau lost when Trump won

iPolitics Insights

Will Liberals still be taking tactical tips from Democrats in 2019?

Tuesday, November 22nd, 2016

Prime Minister Justin Trudeau and President-elect Donald Trump may not have much in common, but they do seem to agree on one matter of media management: You can’t ignore the New York Times.

Trump sat down with the Times today, just two weeks after his still-reverberating election victory. Trudeau did his interview with the Times within a week of being sworn into office last November, even before he’d done many sit-downs with major Canadian media outlets.

That’s where the similarities end, however. While Trump has been sending out lots of early warnings that he won’t be all that accommodating to the U.S. media — even the Times — Trudeau has been going out of his way to court friendly coverage south of the border since the moment he came to power a year ago. It was a key plank of his foreign policy: Canada tying its fate, visibly and deliberately, to having friends in high places in Washington.

We may see those efforts redoubled — or radically revised — now that Trudeau is about to lose all the Democratic friends he was cultivating through his so-called “bromance” with Barack Obama.
Let’s face it: No matter how many times the prime minister said that he would work with whoever won the U.S. presidential election, Trump’s victory cast a whole new light on this business of Obama “passing the torch” to Trudeau. As far as I could see, from a distance, no flammable items changed hands when Obama and Trudeau held their final official get-together in Peru last weekend.
The world may well need another progressive champion of the liberal left now that Obama is leaving and Trump is moving into the Oval Office, but many international outlets seem to have decided last week that this job fell to Germany’s Angela Merkel, not Trudeau.

“Mrs. Merkel appears to be the last remaining world leader of stature to defend the West’s liberal values against the likes of Russia’s Vladimir Putin or Turkey’s Recep Tayyip Erdogan,” The Economist wrote. “As Obama Exits World Stage, Angela Merkel May Be the Liberal West’s Last Defender,” the Times itself said in its headline.
open quote 761b1bI notice the Liberals haven’t been sending out many fundraising emails lately with an anti-Trump bent to them, as they were a month or so ago.
Even Canada’s own Globe and Mail appears to have forgotten all this talk of progressive torch-passing from Obama to Trudeau. “Angela Merkel seen as the great champion of Western liberalism,” the Globe pronounced last weekend. The obvious conclusion to draw from this world media consensus is that Canada, for whatever reason, isn’t powerful enough to carry on any legacy passed to it by Obama, no matter how many state dinners and adoring media mentions Trudeau has collected in the U.S. over the past year.

So what now? Does Trudeau keep up his charm offensive with the Americans, or start playing defence?

Everything about Trump is too unpredictable to allow for forecasts about how he’ll get along with Trudeau. Who knows? The two might bond over their fondness for social media and using it to win votes and attention — a shared trait noted on these pages both before and after the election.
But the question remains: If Trudeau had so much to gain from his much-sought-after relationship with Obama and the Democrats, what has he lost? The Trans-Pacific Partnership is one obvious answer; Trump put it on his hit list in a YouTube news release on Monday night. But it’s not clear that the TPP would have survived a Hillary Clinton presidency either, given the highly protectionist mood that prevailed during election season.

On matters of political logistics, one has to wonder whether the Liberals will be so closely working with U.S. Democrats in the leadup to the next election — or at least as closely as they were in the 2015 campaign.

Will we see Democratic strategists on stage at the next Liberal convention, invited to trade vote-getting tactics with Canadians, as they were in Winnipeg last May?

I notice too that the Liberals haven’t been sending out many fundraising emails lately with an anti-Trump bent to them, as they were a month or so ago. Actually, the pace of emails from the Liberals seems to have slowed altogether in the last couple of weeks — perhaps indicating that everyone is doing some serious stock-taking in Canada after Trump’s surprise victory.

No one ever said that Canadian prime ministers and American presidents must be close friends to keep Canada-U.S. relations on an even keel. But Trudeau and his team invested a lot of time and attention in that very relationship over the past year, which means we’re right to ask now about what that investment has yielded.

Liberals may well argue that some of that investment will survive the serious shaking-up that Trump has planned for Washington. But Trudeau’s own government has demonstrated over the past year how easy it is to dismantle a previous government’s legacy. If Trump radically dumps the Obama legacy as easily as Trudeau bid adieu to the Stephen Harper years, how much of the past year’s improvement in Canada-U.S. relations will be undone too? These are, no doubt, questions that are keeping people busy in the PMO, Global Affairs and International Trade right now.
The answers will emerge more clearly after Trump’s inauguration in January — or before then, perhaps in a U.S. media outlet. After all, neither Trump nor Trudeau seems inclined to avoid American media attention.

The views, opinions and positions expressed by all iPolitics columnists and contributors are the author’s alone. They do not inherently or expressly reflect the views, opinions and/or positions of iPolitics.

Wednesday, November 16, 2016

InThe NEWS #BabyTrudeau and ANAL SEX for kids as a twisted understranding of EQUALITY #health #Sex #AnalSex #liberal #sodomy #Charter #Constitution #obsession #HOMOsexualist #abuse

Bloggers note:Trudeau's Anal sex obsession....
#health  #Sex   #AnalSex  #liberal #BabyTrudeau #sodomy #Charter #Constitution #obsession #HOMOsexualist #abuse
Whether its part of his agenda or misunderstanding ramifications, a fictive reading of the Charter or our constitution... Trudeau's Obsession will lead us as a society down a path I do not want to go...

By: Metro Published on
Many of us think sexually transmitted infections only happen to other people. But outbreaks are popping up around the country, and infection rates, even of practically forgotten diseases like syphilis, are increasing in nearly every age group. Right now no one is quite sure why. It might have to do with unprotected oral sex, or increasing IV drug use. Even hookup apps like Tinder and Grindr have taken some of the blame (though no studies have yet shown they’re any more likely to result in STIs than meeting people the old-fashioned way). We all know using condoms and getting tested regularly are the best defence, but here’s what else you need to know.


What is it?
A bacterial STI that can cause itching, discharge and burning during urination in both sexes. Women sometimes have bleeding between periods or after sex, but often have no symptoms at all. In the long term, it can cause pelvic inflammatory disease in women and infertility in both sexes. It may infect the eyes, mouth and rectum as well.
What’s new?
Chlamydia has been rising in Canada since the 1990s. It increased by 72 per cent from 2001 to 2010 alone.
What is it?
A bacterial STI with very similar symptoms and long-term consequences as chlamydia, though it’s much less common. Only a lab test can tell the difference for sure. Unlike chlamydia, gonorrhea can, rarely, cause a serious disease with high fever and swollen joints.
What’s new?
Gonorrhea increased by nearly 40 per cent from 2003 to 2012. Some cities, like Toronto, have seen a jump since 2015.
What can be done?
Condoms and testing are the best defences against chlamydia and gonorrhea. Treatment is antibiotics. For gonorrhea, which is resistant to all but a few, you might need several different drugs.
What is it?
Human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) is a blood-borne virus that attacks the immune system, leaving you vulnerable to infections. You can get it through sex (anal, vaginal or oral), or blood, such as by sharing needles, or (historically) receiving a blood transfusion. It can also pass from mother to child. Drugs called antiretrovirals can prevent HIV from developing into life-threatening Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome (AIDS).

What’s new?
There’s good news and bad news. Thanks to modern medicine, HIV-positive people are living long, healthy lives with little to no chance of infecting others. On the other hand, there have recently been new outbreaks of HIV reported in places like Saskatchewan, the B.C. interior and London, Ont.

What can you do?
Use condoms and (obviously) don’t share needles. People at high risk can also consider pre-exposure prophylaxis (PrEp), a daily pill that can prevent HIV from taking hold in the body even if you’re exposed.
What is it?
Syphilis is a bacterial infection that can progress into a devastating disease if left untreated. It’s spread by sex as well as from mother to child, in which case it's called congenital syphilis. In adults, syphilis usually starts with a firm, painless, often-overlooked sore called a chancre on the genitals. Second-stage symptoms are fever, malaise, headache and a spotty red rash, it looked a lot like smallpox. The infection can then hibernate in the body for up to 15 years before reappearing in any number of nightmarish forms: As a progressive, severe neurological and psychiatric condition, as heart disease, or as large, tumour-like lumps all over the body.

What’s new?
Toronto has seen a scary spike in syphilis over the past year, mostly in gay men. Public health officials think unprotected oral sex may be to blame.

What can you do?
Use condoms! Thanks to antibiotics, syphilis is now curable. It has a nasty habit of showing up in people who have HIV, and it’s one reason it’s important to have safe sex even if you’re HIV positive and only have sex with other HIV-positive people. That’s true for many STIs: One type often leads to another, because sores or irritated skin give germs an easier path into the body.
What is it? Human Papilloma Viruses (HPV) are sexually transmitted viruses that cause genital warts and can lead to head, neck, mouth, throat, cervical and penile cancers.

What’s new?
There’s been a big increase in mouth and throat cancers in Canadian men (56 per cent between 1992 and 2012). Smoking and drinking are definitely culprits. But emerging research shows HPV is a much more important risk factor than previously thought.

What can you do?

HPV is crazy common, and because it infects many parts of the body, condoms only provide partial protection. For women, getting a pap test every three years (or more often if you’re high risk) can catch HPV-related changes early, when they’re more treatable
Vaccinations are available (coverage varies by province) against the nastiest strains of HPV. They’ve been shown to dramatically reduce cervical changes caused by the virus.
What is it?
Genital herpes is a common infection caused by the same virus as cold sores. In some people, it appears as an outbreak of blisters around the genitals, rectum or mouth. They burst and leave painful sores that take weeks to heal. Others have few or no symptoms. Herpes is lifelong, but outbreaks usually become less severe and frequent as years pass. You can pass herpes on whether or not you’re having symptoms.

What’s new?
Several therapeutic vaccines (for people who already have herpes) are in the works. A 12-month clinical trial published last month found a 65 per cent reduction in outbreaks among people who had the vaccine. And there’s hope for a preventative vaccine in the future.

What can be done?
Condoms lower the risk of passing on herpes, but don’t eliminate it. Antiviral medications can help clear up an outbreak and reduce your chance of infecting someone else.

Asking a new partner about STIs, or telling them you have one, is just the worst. But it has to be done, says Jenelle Marie Pierce, founder of The STD Project.
On her site she cautions against the question “Are you clean?” because absolutely anybody who has sex can get an STI. Having the bad luck to contract one doesn’t make you dirty.
Deciding how and when to tell a partner you have an STI is even tricker: It’s not the most important thing about you, so disclosing on a first date seems like a bit much. But if you wait until you’ve gotten close, the news can come as a shock.  
Pierce has only one rule about when to disclose: You have to have the conversation before you have sex — any kind of sex. Other than that, it’s up to you. Her advice:
• Talk in person, and in private. No texts!
• Be honest and positive about yourself and your STI.
• Share the facts in a no-nonsense way and answer questions.
•Then leave, and give them some time to digest the facts on their own.
• Lastly, (this is easier said than done) do your best not to take their reaction personally.

In the news 
 HERE IS THE liberal...

Liberals to revamp 'discriminatory' age law for anal intercourse ... Prime Minister Justin Trudeau also named MP Randy Boissonnault (left) as ...

Toronto Star - 18 hours ago

The Globe and Mail - 21 hours ago

1.     Cached

Jun 29, 2016 - Canada’s Prime Minister Justin Trudeau has pledged to change the law to equalise the age of consent for anal sex. At present in Canada, the federal age of consent is 16 – but for anal intercourse outside of marriage, the age of consent is 18. ... But in an interview with Canadian ...

1.     Cached

Jul 6, 2016 - OTTAWA, July 6, 2016 (LifeSiteNews) – Prime Minister Justin Trudeau told a homosexual news agency his government will be “moving on” ... › News & Views

1.     Cached

Jul 7, 2016 - Trudeau Promises to Decriminalize Anal Sex for 16-Year-Olds. ... OTTAWA, July 6, 2016 (LifeSiteNews) – Prime Minister Justin Trudeau told a homosexual news agency his government will be “moving on” lowering the age of consent on anal sex for consenting unmarried partners from 18 ...

1.     Cached

Jun 30, 2016 - Trudeau was asked in the interview if the government will talk about the difference in the age of consent for vaginal and anal sex (which, for ...

1.     Cached

Jul 6, 2016 - Prime Minister Justin Trudeau told a homosexual news agency his government will be “moving on” lowering the age of consent on anal sex for ...

1.     Cached

Jun 29, 2016 - Canada's Prime Minister Justin Trudeau has promised to equalize the age of consent difference between vaginal and anal sex. This pledge ...

1.     Cached

Jul 4, 2016 - Canadian PM Justin Trudeau promises anal sex equality- like he does not have anything better to do when there is a 30 Billion dollar deficit.

1.     Cached

Jul 8, 2016 - Prime Minister Justin Trudeau told a homosexual news agency his government will be “moving on” lowering the age of consent on anal sex for ... › News › Politics

21 hours ago - He will recommend to Prime Minister Justin Trudeau how the government ... Ottawa to repeal section of Criminal Code on anal intercourse.

Page 2 of about 154,000 results (0.29 seconds) 


Search Results

1.     Cached

Jul 8, 2016 - Prime Minister Justin Trudeau told a homosexual news agency his government will be “moving on” lowering the age of consent on anal sex for ...

1.     Cached

Jul 14, 2016 - At the Gay Pride Parade in Toronto, Prime Minister Justin Trudeau said in an interview that he was planning to put forward legislation to lower ...

1.     Cached

Aug 17, 2016 - (And, by the way, the proposed changes do not legalize "public sex", they eliminate the bawdy house rules which were silly in the first instance ...

1.     Cached

2.     Similar

May 1, 2014 - Another asinine policy the Liberals debated back in 2006 (which few know about) was to lower the age of consent for anal sex to 14. › News › Canada

1.     Cached

18 hours ago - ... legislation to repeal a Criminal Code provision on anal intercourse. ... The legislation came as Prime Minister Justin Trudeau named Liberal ... › Home › SEX & RELATIONSHIPS › Sex Tips & Advice

1.     Cached

2.     Similar

Jul 21, 2015 - Anal sex is legal in Canada, but only between those over 18, ... Pierre Elliot Trudeau, famously said “there's no place for the state in the ...

1.     Cached

Apr 8, 2016 - Justin Trudeau Still Has a Lot to Prove on LGBT Rights ... age of consent and an absolute ban on anal sex involving more than two partners.

1.     Cached

2.     Similar

This is just a fun comical page much like Justin Trudeau's attempt to be Follow us on ... Liberals to revamp 'outdated' age law for anal sex. The Liberal ... › MPs › Québec

1.     Cached

2.     Similar

Search through Justin Trudeau's recent activity, votes, and speeches in the House. ... Mentioned by Brandon Sun Liberals move to repeal anal sex provision, ...

1.     Cached

Jun 29, 2016 - Canada's Prime Minister Justin Trudeau has pledged to change the law to equalise the age of consent for anal sex. from PinkNews ...